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Idiom # 86: Check if integer multiplication will overflow

See programming-idioms.org:


For all integers with wrap-around semantics (i.e. all the standard types i32, u64, etc.), there are two ways to check for overflow on multiplication. First, the predicate overflow_on_mul checks if a multiplication of two values would overflow. Next, there is a multiplication operator infix *? that performs overflow checking and returns a num_option that can be checked afterwards.

Note that infix * would result in a runtime error in case of an overflow if debug checks are enabled. If overflow semantics are desired, operator infix *° has to be used.

Running Example